Nov 27, 2023
Applying policies to devices only through the hierarchy of administration groups may be inconvenient in many circumstances. It may be necessary to create several instances of a single policy that differ in one or two settings for different administration groups, and synchronize the contents of those policies in the future.
To help you avoid such problems, Kaspersky Security Center supports policy profiles. A policy profile is a named subset of policy settings. This subset is distributed on target devices together with the policy, supplementing it under a specific condition called the profile activation condition. Profiles only contain settings that differ from the "basic" policy, which is active on the client device (computer or mobile device). Activation of a profile modifies the policy settings that were active on the device before the profile was activated. Those settings take values that have been specified in the profile.
The following restrictions are currently imposed on policy profiles:
- A policy can include a maximum 100 profiles.
- A policy profile cannot contain other profiles.
- A policy profile cannot contain notification settings.
Contents of a profile
A policy profile contains the following constituent parts:
- Name Profiles with identical names affect each other through the hierarchy of administration groups with common rules.
- Subset of policy settings. Unlike the policy, which contains all the settings, a profile only contains settings that are actually required (locked settings).
- Activation condition is a logical expression with the device properties. A profile is active (supplements the policy) only when the profile activation condition becomes true. In all other cases, the profile is inactive and ignored. The following device properties can be included in that logical expression:
- Status of out-of-office mode.
- Properties of network environment—Name of the active rule for Network Agent connection.
- Presence or absence of specified tags on the device.
- Device location in Active Directory unit: explicit (the device is right in the specified OU), or implicit (the device is in an OU, which is within the specified OU at any nesting level).
- Device's membership in an Active Directory security group (explicit or implicit).
- Device owner's membership in an Active Directory security group (explicit or implicit).
- Profile disabling check box. Disabled profiles are always ignored and their respective activation conditions are not verified.
- Profile priority. The activation conditions of different profiles are independent, so several profiles can be activated simultaneously. If active profiles contain non-overlapping collections of settings, no problems will arise. However, if two active profiles contain different values of the same setting, an ambiguity will occur. This ambiguity is to be avoided through profile priorities: The value of the ambiguous variable will be taken from the profile that has the higher priority (the one that is rated higher in the list of profiles).
Behavior of profiles when policies affect each other through the hierarchy
Profiles with the same name are merged according to the policy merge rules. Profiles of an upstream policy have a higher priority than profiles of a downstream policy. If editing settings is prohibited in the upstream policy (it is locked), the downstream policy uses the profile activation conditions from the upstream one. If editing settings is allowed in the upstream policy, the profile activation conditions from the downstream policy are used.
Since a policy profile may contain the Device is offline property in its activation condition, profiles completely replace the feature of policies for out-of-office users, which will no longer be supported.
A policy for out-of-office users may contain profiles, but its profiles can only be activated after the device switches into out-of-office mode.